Thе (AERB) Atomic Energy Regulatory Board Advisory is an autonomous rеgulatory body in India that еnsurеs thе safе usе of atomic еnеrgy for pеacеful purposеs such as powеr gеnеration, mеdical applications, and industrial usеs. Establishеd in 1983, AERB plays a pivotal rolе in rеgulating and ovеrsееing nuclеar and radiation facilitiеs across the country.
What is AERB?
(AERB) Atomic Energy Regulatory Board Advisory functions undеr thе Atomic Enеrgy Act, 1962, to еnsurе thе protеction of workеrs, thе public, and thе еnvironmеnt from any harmful еffеcts of radiation and nuclеar tеchnology. It opеratеs indеpеndеntly to еnforcе safеty standards, issuе guidеlinеs, and rеgulatе thе usе of atomic еnеrgy.
Rolе and Rеsponsibilitiеs
(AERB) Atomic Energy Regulatory Board Advisory primary responsibility is to formulatе safety policies, prеscribе safety standards, and guidе thе nuclеar industry to comply with thеsе standards. Thе board conducts inspеctions, rеviеws safеty assеssmеnts, and takes rеgulatory actions to prеvеnt nuclеar accidеnts and еnsurе еmеrgеncy prеparеdnеss.
What Is The Importance Of Atomic Energy Regulatory Board Advisory?
- The (AERB) Atomic Energy Regulatory Board Advisory was constituted on 15 November 1983 by the President of India in exercise of powers conferred by Section 27 of the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 (33 of 1962) to perform certain regulatory and safety functions under that Act. . The regulatory authority of the AERB is derived from the rules and notifications promulgated under the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 and the Environmental Protection Act, 1986.
- The Board’s mission is to ensure that the use of ionizing radiation and nuclear power in India does not cause undue risk to health and the environment.
- The AERB also receives advice from the Advisory Committee on Nuclear Safety (ACNS). ACNS consists of experts from AERB.
- ACNS provides recommendations on safety codes, guidelines and manuals prepared for the siting, design, construction, operation, quality assurance and decommissioning/life extension of nuclear power plants, which have been prepared by the relevant advisory committees for each of these areas. It also advises the board on general security matters. The ACNS examines and advises on any particular matter referred to it by the AERB.
What Is The Main Mission Of The AERB?
The Board’s mission is to ensure that the use of ionizing radiation and nuclear power in India does not cause undue risk to health and the environment.
What Are The Functions Of AERB?
Develop nuclear, radiation and industrial safety policy for facilities under its purview.
Develop safety regulations, guidelines and standards for the siting, design, construction, commissioning, operation and decommissioning of various types of nuclear and radiation facilities. Grant approvals for the location, construction, commissioning, operation and decommissioning of nuclear and radiation facilities after appropriate safety inspection and assessment.
Ensure compliance with regulatory requirements prescribed by AERB.
Prescribe permissible limits of radiation exposure for employees and the public and acceptable limits of releases of radioactive substances into the environment. Review emergency preparedness plans for nuclear and radiation facilities. Prescribe training curricula and review the training program, qualifications and licensing policy for nuclear and radiation facility personnel.
Liaise with statutory bodies domestically and abroad on security issues.
To support research and development in the fields of security.
Notifying the public of a “nuclear incident” that has occurred at nuclear facilities in India as mandated by the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act, 2010.
What Are The Organisational Strategies Of AERB?
Further, strengthen the role of AERB staff in the effective and efficient execution of core regulatory processes to achieve the best possible outcome from the multi-level regulatory review mechanism.
Stay on par with international standards in the scientific and technical capabilities required for regulatory activity.
Identify areas to increase in-house competencies through competency mapping and to reinforce desired competency.
Provide opportunities for employees to further grow in terms of their abilities and gain diverse experiences.
Update and revise regulatory documents to harmonise and simplify regulatory requirements, including the need to prepare for regulation for different NPP technologies and radiation facilities. Strengthen the regulatory review process by further improving its planning, implementation and evaluation.
Strengthen the regulatory interface with other concerned agencies as part of national coordination for effective implementation and enforcement of regulatory provisions.
Remain transparent with stakeholders and make every effort to maintain credibility in the performance of regulatory responsibilities.
To create awareness among the public and experts about radiation risks and aspects of radiation protection.
Which Other Safety Bodies Support The AERB?
The AERB receives advice from the Advisory Committee on Nuclear Safety (ACNS). ACNS consists of experts from AERB, DAE (Department of Atomic Energy, which was established on 3 August 1954) and non-DAE institutions. ACNS provides recommendations on safety codes, guidelines and manuals prepared for the siting, design, construction, operation, quality assurance and decommissioning/life extension of nuclear power plants, which have been prepared by relevant advisory committees for each of these areas.
What Is ELORA In Radiology?
ELORA stands for e-licensing of radiation applications. As per the statutory requirements set by AERB, all medical radiation facilities in India (Nuclear Medicine/Radiotherapy/Diagnostic Radiology) must be compulsorily licensed from the eLORA platform, which is a web application on the AERB website.
Advisory Issued By Atomic Regulatory Board
The Advisory was issued by the (AERB) Atomic Energy Regulatory Board Advisory on March 16, 2022. Important points of the Advisory is as follows-:
Through published media reports, the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) has come to know that cells or products containing naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) are being made available in the Indian market under various categories such as scalar energy products and negative ion products, Clothing /jewelry with negative ion technology etc. These items are promoted with claims of health benefits and improving emotional well-being
Due to the likelihood of increased levels of ionizing radiation in such products, excessive radiation may occur, which is undesirable. Therefore, as an abundance of caution, AERB advises and urges the people of India to be aware of such unverified claims and exercise sound judgment.
Please note that the deliberate addition of radioactive substances to food, beverages, toys, personal ornaments cosmetics or any other commodity or product and the sale, import, or export of such products is prohibited by Rule 13 of the Atomic Energy (Radiation Protection) Rules. 2004, promulgated under the Atomic Energy Act of 1962.
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